Connectomics—How The Emerging Revolution In Neural Wiring Diagrams Is About To Change Biology Forever
Wiring diagrams just got significantly more interesting
One of the great challenges in modern science is to understand the structure of the human brain. In particular, neurologists want to work out the complete map of connections between neurons, it’s a wiring diagram and a structure known as the human connectome.
That’s a significant challenge. So far, researchers have successfully constructed the connectome of only one creature, the nematode worm C. elegans with the grand total of 302 neurons and 8000 connections between them. By contrast, the human cerebral cortex contains some 10^10 neurons linked by 10^14 synaptic connections.